Background Occupational fraud has become a major concern for any nonprofit organization. So, implementing effective fraud risk management system is very important in development organizations. Occupational Fraud Occupational fraud is a […]
Occupational fraud has become a major concern for any nonprofit organization. So, implementing effective fraud risk management system is very important in development organizations.
fraud is a type of fraud committed by employees of an organisation against
employer organisation. Accordingly, employees of the organisation utilize their
role or employment as a factor for personal gain in a way that is an
inappropriate use of the organization’s property, assets, or other resources. Occupational
fraud causes huge losses to different countries every year
of Fraud Committed
Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (ACFE) conducts extensive research on occupational
fraud and abuse across the globe every year. The latest report available to
public is: 2018 Global Study on Occupational Fraud and Abuse.
ACFE classifies occupational fraud into cash fraud and non-cash fraud. The first type of classification, i.e., cash fraud includes theft of cash in hand, theft of cash receipts, fraudulent payments. On the other hand, non-cash fraud include misuse of assets and assets pilferage. Further, there are three categories of occupational fraud:
This category of fraud involves stealing or otherwise misusing company property. Asset misappropriation fraud is classified as follows:
Corruption may take the form of getting some form of personal gain, like kickbacks or other benefits, in exchange for some business benefit the employee confers, such as awarding a contract. Further, such type of fraud could be classified as bribery, conflict of interest, illegal gratuities, and economic extortion.
Financial Statement Fraud
Financial statement fraud is the intentional misrepresentation of financial information that is communicated to the donor, regulator, general public or other stakeholders. Further, this type of fraud is classified into understatement or overstatement of revenue, revenue or expenditure timing schemes, non-recording or under recording or over recording of liabilities or expenses, and undisclosed contingent liabilities.
in Asia Pacific
Study by ACFE shows that corruption is Asia Pacific (38%) is much higher than global corruption (38%). However, global corruption data include Sub-Saharan Africa. If Africa is excluded, situation of Asia pacific would be further worse.
LD Mahat is a Chartered Accountant, Financial Adviser and Risk Management Specialist possessing over 29 years of diverse experience across several sectors covering a wide spectrum of assurance, business advisory and taxation disciplines. LD is a committed, highly motivated and result-oriented professional, consistently developing and nurturing client relationship and building long-lasting relationships with diverse clients. He has the ability to define issues, propose customized solutions that significantly add value and contribute to client’s success.
LD has got master’s in risk management form New York University, Stern Business School. He has undergone executive education at Harvard Business School and Insead Business School. He was risk management specialist in several Asian Development Bank Funded projects. He has provided risk management advisory services in various Nepalese corporate sectors.
LD has worked on large projects jointly with big 4 international accounting firms ~ PwC, Deloittee, Ernst & Young and KPMG in the field of Assurance, Diagnostic Review, Capacity Building, e-Government Procurement, e-Governance, Special Review, Investment Climate, and IFRS Implementation.
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